News from the British Columbia Naturopathic Association
V O L . 1 0 / N O . 1 / W I N T E R 2 0 0 4
Next Generation: Fatter, Sedentary & Drug Dependent
2004; Globe & Mail, February 11, 2004.
known as Wellbutrin, Celexa, Luvox,Remeron, Paxil, Zoloft and Effexor.
could be a ‘smoking gun’ linking these
adolescents is a major health concern.
“…We live in an obesogenic society and largenumbers of people are not going to be able tocontrol their weight until we make environmentalchanges that allow us to eat well and be active in
Naturopathic doctors are licensed primary care
physicians in BC—although not treated with that respect
by the establishment. Naturopathic medicine offers
BESOGENIC SOCIETY: One in which food is cheap and
plentiful and activity has been engineered out of
the complete medical process and is also more than
willing to work with more conventional medicine. Naturopathic medicine really shines in treating chronic
degenerative disease, like hypertension, heart problems,
A positive outlook can actually short-circuit the virus
or chronic fatigue syndrome. Conventional medicine
responsible for the common cold. Researchers at
doesn’t have a lot to offer in the way of preventing or
Carnegie Mellon University squirted rhinovirus (the
curing chronic illness, but rather manages the symptoms.
cold bug) up the noses of 111 “happy” people as
Conventional medicine is more for crisis intervention.
well as 112 “grumpy” people. Those individuals
Naturopathic medicine helps to regain balance in the
with the most positive dispositions were the least
body to provide and promote optimum health.
likely to get sick. At the same time, individualswith a negative outlook complained about their
Dr. Bob Van Horlick, a naturopathic physician
health—even when they had no signs of actual viral
practicing in Prince George since 1989, quoted in PG
The cultivation, collection and manufacturing of herbal
Women who work in the home are 54% more likely to
supplements received widespread press recently with the
develop cancer than career women, according to Michael
World Health Organization’s (WHO) publication of a Good
Dufresne, a leading researcher in environmental cancers.
Women and men who are averse to body odours are at
The main objectives of the WHO guidelines are to:
an additional risk because of the cancer-causing
(1) contribute to the quality assurance of medicinal
chemicals in hundreds of personal care products and
plant materials used as the source for herbal medicines
to improve the quality, safety and efficacy of finished
Dufresne says “People are blindly being led in the use
of [common household products]. They assume they are
(2) guide the formulation of national and/or regional
collection guidelines and collection monographs for
A US research group reports that there are more than
medicinal plants and related standard operating
100,000 synthetic chemicals in household use. Residues
of more than 400 toxic chemicals have been identified in
(3) encourage and support the sustainable cultivation
and collection of medicinal plants of good quality in ways
Cancer-linked chemicals are found in blush, concealer,
that respect and support the conservation of medicinal
facial powder, mascara, eye-shadow and lipstick.
plants and the environment in general.
Toothpaste, nail polish, shaving cream, deodorant, soap,
While admirable in its efforts, the publication was
tampons, shampoo and styling products also pose a
buoyed by controversy—particularly the widespread use
of herbal medicines and the contraindications associated
Some of the many household cleaners that contain
with unregulated use. However, in citing issues
dangerous chemicals include: Lysol, Pledge, Tilex, Ajax,
concerning herb use the problems arose not out of
Palmolive, Joy, Sunlight, Shout stick and liquid Spray ‘N
dosage, appropriate use or contamination, but rather
deliberate misrepresentation on behalf of the
“The industry and the regulators know the cancer risks
associated with cosmetics but there is virtually no
consumer knowledge,” Dufresne said.
received from patients at the BCNA is why their
Excerpts from provocative research on the
MD won’t approve a non-drug therapy. Insight
shortcomings of evidence based medicine—commonly
referred to as the “gold standard” in medical research:
Physicians & Surgeons of BC (CPSBC) Policy
“In the traditional understanding of clinical medicine, a
medical intervention need only be effective in one individual
in order to be considered an effective therapy. Despite
The CPSBC begins by stating that even with
the emphasis in modern health care economics of
the most diligent search for information, “a
demonstrating effectiveness across a population, clinical
physician may remain relatively ignorant about
medicine remains a personal undertaking, relating one
unknown or untested preparations.” This,
individual in need of healing with another who professes
oddly, simply implies an accepted ignorance
and promises to heal. To label an intervention clinically
‘ineffective,’ then, is to say that it will not benefit any
well as the CPSBC’s own ignorance of the
individual patient, or at least not any individual with a
substantial research into non-drug therapies.
But it also suggests that no matter how hard
“Unfortunately, evidence based medicine lacks the ability
an MD might try, they can’t find out the
to determine that any particular intervention is ineffective.
Randomized, controlled trials that fail to demonstrate
efficacy of an intervention across a population do not tell
us that he intervention was never effective in a particular
goes on to plainly state that it is unethical for
MDs to recommend CAM to their patients, even
“…The controlled clinical trial may be rejected as the
if their patients explicitly ask for it. They write:
primary method for obtaining medical knowledge in any
medical metaphysics that incorporates the following tenet:
There are recognizable, but non-measurable or non-
should recall that, although some untested
quantifiable, differences in the ways disease manifests in
remedies may be harmless [are they implying
individuals that are important for determining accurate
useless as a therapy or non-toxic vis a vis drug
diagnosis, prognosis, or treatment. As a corollary, if illness
can be viewed only in the context of the individual who is ill
about a given herbal or other agent makes
rather than as a distinct and disembodied concept of
recommendation of that treatment unethical.”
disease, then population-based studies are
Even when a patient requests CAM their MD
methodologically inappropriate. In par ticular, if
may reject such treatment. And that MD has
understanding perceptible but non-measurable aspects of
the support of their college. Although the
illness is of primary importance in healing, then the focus
of research must remain on the individual patient and
ignorant of CAM they suggest that “a patient’s
preference cannot be sufficient grounds to
“…When both the individuality of the patient and the
select a given treatment,” and that “it is the
individuality of the practitioner are seen as vital to the
conscientious application of the experience
healing process, the tools of evidence based medicine
and knowledge of the physician that is essential
designed to obscure these effects (e.g., blinding,
in determining the patient’s best interest.”
randomization, placebos) cannot be employed. Instead,
It might be suggested that the best interest
alternative methods of measuring outcomes and attempting
of the patient would be core courses at medical
to avoid bias have begun to be developed…
school on the substantial research on andpharmacognosy of botanical interactions
Excerpted from: Why Alternative Medicine Cannot be
Evidence-Based by Mark R Tonelli, MD, MA and Timothy C
Cardiovascular disease and the use of preventive
Apitherapy is the medicinal use of honeybee
medicine for heart health, are primary concerns for
products, including honey, pollen, propolis, royal jelly
naturopathic physicians. Many NDs use diagnostic tools
and bee venom. This practice is over 2000 years old
and the world scientific literature contains more than
Bee venom is a rich source of enzymes, peptides,
and biogenic amines. There are at least 18 active
components in the venom, which have pharmaceutical
properties including melitten, apamin, adolapin,
hyaluronidase, dopamine, serotonin, and mast cell
degranulating protein to mention a few. Some of these
compounds have strong anti-inflammatory and pain
relieving effects, while other enhance nerve condition,
soften scar tissue and improve one’s mood and immune
system. The exact mechanism of how bee venom works
that is interpreted as a number that tells us about the vitality
of the heart. From that information we can judge the
Traditionally, bee venom was administered with live
condition of the whole body system, such as how it deals
bees by stimulating them to sting in the affected area
with stress and high blood pressure.
and is still used this way by lay practitioners. Most
Combining fitness evaluation and health heart index
doctors nowadays inject the harvested venom by needle
analysis we use aortic stiffness as an excellent indicator
according to specific treatment protocols. Bee venom
of core mobility. The effect of different types of exercises
ointment is also available for topical use.
can be easily assessed without invasive measures. Stress
This therapy is useful in a wide variety of medical
is a great concern to health care practitioners. Chronic
situations, however there are four areas that seem to be
stress can lead to impaired health and exhaustion. Health
Heart Index Analysis permits examination of several
Arthritis and other systemic inflammation (rheumatoid
physiological markers of stress. Heart rate variability will
and osteoarthritis, gout, scleroderma, lupus, ankylosing
tend to be lower than average for people with high stress
spondylitis, ulcerative colitis, asthma, etc.); acute and
levels because of sympathetic nervous system dominance.
chronic injuries (bursitis, tendonitis, sprain/strain, post
Health heart index analysis provides the means to detect
MVA, lumbago, pack pain, fibromyalgia etc.);
the core mobility. The body core, oriented along the spinal
neurological disease (very helpful in multiple sclerosis,
axis and including the abdomen, thoracic cavity, spine and
skull contents moves and stretches in a coordinated
fashion. With aging, core mobility decreases affecting
circulation and function of organ systems. The health heart
index analysis allows rapid and objective assessment of
fitness status. Exercise decreases blood pressure and
improves the aortic elasticity. Cardiovascular risk is related
to the function of the autonomic nervous system. This
relationship is exploited with the use of the Health Heart
given 2-3 timesweekly initially andthen as needed to
“Heart Health Index,” Pieter Taams, MD, ND, who
improvement. Chronic illness can require one to six months
to achieve full benefit. Side effects are rare and “allergic
reactions” are usually not seen, as most people are not
“Apitherapy”, Garrett Swetlikoff, ND who practices in
allergic to honey bees but to hornets, yellow jackets or
wasps. Emergency medicines are always kept on hand.
High protein / low carbohydrate (CHO) diets are not what they appear to be. While most people lose significant weight,they are losing water weight and not actual fat weight. Also, science has repeatedly shown that high protein intake canlead to heart disease, osteoporosis, colon cancer, renal disease and be dangerous for diabetics.
But this only makes sense. The public already knows that having eggs, bacon, and cheese in significant amountsmeans a high intake of cholesterol and saturated fats which is never a good thing in the long-term.
Also, the brain is solely dependent on glucose/sugar to function. Glucose comes from carbohydrates primarily. Youmay hear many Atkins diet followers complaining of low sugar, dizziness, headaches, lethargy, etc. and this is why. Thebody requires glucose and there is no getting around it. Choosing healthier proteins do not compensate.
So while many people are “successful” in losing pounds they are also doing well in moving towards heart disease andblood sugar problems which lead to a whole cascade of health concerns.
The other misconception is weight loss is often confused with losing fat weight. While losing fat mass should be thegoal of weight loss plans this does not occur on high protein diets. Removing CHO from your diet results in a loss ofwater weight. Water is attracted to and binds to CHOs so as there is less CHO intake and less CHO being stored therewill be less water retention and more water excretion. The initial pounds that dieters will lose on a high protein diet areall water.
So if high protein diets cause the wrong kind of weight loss and if it leads you to heart disease, kidney disease, andcolon cancer – what diet plan do you follow?
The best kind of “diet” is a common sense diet. That isone that makes sense for you. If diabetes is in your family
or you participate in sports five hours a week or more or if
you are breast-feeding you will have specific dietary
requirements relative to your current health status. You
need to be educated on which foods to include in your dietto ensure maximum nutrient intake and which foods to avoid
which you may be sensitive to causing bloating, gas,
headaches, skin flare-ups, etc. Once requirements are met
then a diet plan can be designed for your weight loss goals
along with natural supportive products and an exercise
How will it impact cholesterol levels?Might it help prevent osteoporosis?
If you are trying yet another diet plan and want to do it the
What sort effect will it have on heart health?
right way you should consider seeing a naturopathic doctor
first. NDs are the experts in clinical nutrition—not just
Is there a documented risk of disease associated with
offering dietary advice but using specific foods to support
your immune system, help you maintain good health and
heal existing illness. NDs will tailor nutritional programs
on an individual basis, monitor your success, and support
your dietary needs with appropriate therapies and
modalities suited to help you reach your optimal health.
Source: Dr. Rehana Budhwani, who practices in Burnaby;
Biotherapeutic Drainage is a treatment method aimed at supporting the body’s natural routes of elimination and
enhancing the cellular function of the organs and tissues within the body.
The body is constantly filtering out toxins from the water supply, air, food and environment. Non-organic processed
foods may contain chemicals or preservatives that are filtered through the liver in order to be excreted. All medicationsare processed in a similar way. The human body has a limited capacity to breakdown and excrete these and otherunnatural chemicals. When that limit is surpassed the liver is no longer able to prevent harmful substances fromentering the bloodstream and affecting the rest of the body. Biotherapeutic Drainage helps to assist our body inoptimizing elimination.
Using the analogy of creating a garden, it is important to prepare the soil prior to planting the seeds. Attention must
be paid to the condition of the soil, removing rocks, adding missing nutrients and preparing for proper water drainage. This ensures that the garden has a solid foundation and enhances the likelihood that the seeds will survive and growinto healthy plants. Biotherapeutic Drainage follows similar principles in that it is utilized to ensure that the body’sfoundation is strong and balanced in preparation for further growth and enhancement.
Elimination of metabolic breakdown products occurs through the breath, kidneys, intestines (supported by the liver) and
skin. If the primary routes of elimination are not functioning optimally they will overload and create secondary routes ofelimination which typically involve the mucus membrane tissue of the body. This will result in an inflammatory process of thetissue—in the intestines (enteritis), urinary tract (cystitis), skin (eczema), respiratory bronchioles (asthma) and genitals
(leukorrhea). Elimination needs to be balanced and continuous, otherwise our body will result in a build-up of toxins. Inchronic disease, often one or more systems of elimination are blocked or sluggish, which may result in an overload of theother systems. Muscle aches or fibromyalgia may indicate that the musculoskeletal system is overloaded. Tension, anxietyand insomnia may point to an overactive nervous system. Menstrual irregularity or infertility indicates hormonal systems areout of balance. The goal in Biotherapeutic Drainage, and naturopathic medicine in general, is to assist movement towards ahigher state of health balance.
The Unda remedies are considered Biotherapeutic Drainage and are complexed homeopathic formulations that
originated in Belgium in the 1930s. Formulated on the basis of homeopathic, botanical, Chinese medicine andanthroposophical traditions, these powerful remedies are dilutions of plants, minerals and metals. The plants have anaffinity for particular organ and tissue systems and are the “carriers” of the metals and minerals, thereby directingtreatment to the appropriate system. The metals are in D6, D9 and D12 dilutions that are compatible with intracellularconcentration levels, thereby supporting various cellular functions. As a result, the Unda remedies are powerful andunique Biotherapeutic Drainage formulations.
Source: Dr. Lisa Polinsky, who practices in downtown Vancouver; see www.sageclinic.com
Phenolics are the compounds which colour, flavour, perfume, preserve and/or are the reactive agent in foods, living
organisms, supplements, drugs, chemicals, perfumes, pesticides, herbicides, dental products and such. Through
phenolics, we perceive the world around us. In other words, phenolics are essential for: a perfume to give off a
fragrance; an enzyme to react; a flower to have a specific colour.
Phenolics are the key concern in allergies, environmental sensitivities (such as: chemical, pesticide, herbicide and
perfumes), food intolerance, endocrine imbalances, hypersensitivity, behaviour, ADD/ADHD, chronic degenerative
disease processes and dental toxicity, to name a few. Food elimination programs are sometimes not fully effective,
since the phenolic which the person is reacting to may be found in over 75 other foods. For people with food
sensitivities, using desensitizing phenolic compounds allows them to regain a full diet; in a similar fashion, it allows
people with environmental sensitivities to overcome them. For hormonal and neurotransmitter imbalances, these
compounds will help to balance the system, by allowing the body to re-establish natural processes. Without
question, phenolics are essential to life.
When used medicinally, they are given orally for a specified amount of time. Selected phenolics are used to help
each patient treat their specific illness or allergy.
Source: Dr. Brian Gluvic who practices in Surrey; see www.villagehealthclinic.ca
Is there really any “objective” truth out there for our
Reasonable people want to access the state of the art,
scientists to measure? The search for infallible data is
not just the state of the science, of medicine. I have a
subject to so many unreal conditions that it is always prone
deep conviction that cancer can be overcome in many
to the fallibility of statistical error and dispute. In fact all
ways, at many levels. Just like the rest of life, it is a
events have a context. Artificially removing context alters
the meaning of the event and our experience of it.
I work from as much of a rational and scientific basis as Ican when it comes to anatomy, biochemistry, pathology, and other medical databases. My thoughts are informed bydata. However, I have emotions, feelings, and beliefs which interpret the expression of what I experience.
Some of my medical beliefs come from an empirical system which looks at the constitution and higher organization ofthe body. Some come from humanistic psychology. I do believe in energy healing. It seems there are medical truthsexpressed by whole people, whole foods, whole plants, and whole networks of living things which are just not gettingstudied, given the current interpretation of what is “scientific.”
The era of focussing on chemotherapy drugs has had its run, the results have been very limited, have now reached aplateau, and it is time to try a new model.
I believe the plants and foods discussed in [Naturally There’s Hope], if tested by appropriate methods on humanbeings, will provide great progress in cancer care. We cannot let these treasures be turned into commodities andnihilistic medicines which do great harm. I do not support testing isolates, synthetic versions, and single agents. I donot support mouse abuse, or withholding safe treatments from cancer patients.
It is essential to nourish, nurture, cleanse and heal every patient to the limit of our skill and knowledge. We do needdrug medicine to deal with emergencies, but we also need natural remedies to live in harmony with our biology. Howdid it come to be that safe and gentle therapies are only considered after the cancer patient is subjected to very harshmedicines and the advancing disease has wreaked havoc? How is it that we consider it normal to ignore generaltonics, nutritives and cleansers while undergoing stressful and risky treatments for cancer? The scientists feel a needto keep it simple, but the bigger priority for the patient is keeping alive—and whose life is it anyway?
Life on this planet has found amazing ways to survive. By studying whole foods, whole plants, wholistic methods, andindividual patients, we can tap into a variety of new treatment concepts. Working with life-enhancing methods, not justcancer-killing therapies, we will survive the cancer epidemic.
.I urge adults to demand their sovereign right to free choice, to access treatments offered in good faith, which havelow risk of harm, and a history of therapeutic value. I understand we have sovereignty in what we believe as aninherent right due to us from our creation in spirit or divinity. We do not expect the science industry to be able or willingto bless all our options as proven to a high degree of certainty. Life is just like that, a little risky, and the consequencesare ours to bear. I do not give up the right to choose my health care to anyone else, not even my doctor. I have theright to be wrong and face the consequences.
Reasonable people want to access the state of the art, not just the state of the science, of medicine. I have a deepconviction that cancer can be overcome in many ways, at many levels. Just like the rest of life, it is a personal journey.
This article excerpted from Naturally There’s Hope: A Handbook for the Naturopathic Care of Cancer
Patients by Dr. Neil McKinney, ND, RAc, who practices in Victoria. For order info contact Trafford
Publishing by phone at 1 888 232 4444 or link to Trafford on-line at www.trafford.com
Farmed fish loaded with toxins. BSE spreads from Europe to Canada to the US. Bird flu results in the slaughter of
millions of domestic fowl. Pesticides in commercial fruit and vegetables, dioxins in eggs, dyes in processed foods,antibiotics in many meat products. An on and on. What’s left that’s “safe”?
Actually, the sorts of diets that naturopathic doctors have been promoting for over a century are not only in vogue
but are becoming the valid, healthy alternative: Fresh foods, organic and/or local, an emphasis on fruits and vegetablesand modest amounts of high quality protein.
The “Mediterranean diet,” an example of this, has been clinically shown as healthful and to promote longevity; it’s
characterized by: an abundance of plant food such as fruits, vegetables, whole-grain cereals, nuts and legumes; oliveoil is the main source of fat; fish and poultry are consumed in moderate amounts; and there is a relatively low intake ofred meat.
In a recent issue of Maclean’s profiling the disasters plaguing commercial
food production, a sidebar titled “dietary detox tips” provided five, common-sense (and very naturopathic) suggestions for healthy diets. I First, buy locally. Farmers markets where produce hasn’t been shipped long
distances and where, often, the grower is selling his or her own product,usually provide higher quality food.
II Second, buy organic. It’s more expensive, but the meat isn’t pumped full of
antibiotics and growth hormones, the produce isn’t sprayed with chemicalsor grown with inorganic fertilizers and organic farmers are focussed on envi-ronmental responsibility not just crop volume. And, of course, there’s peaceof mind.
III Third, eat low on the food chain. 55% of pesticide residue found in the average diet comes from meat products, 23%
from dairy. Fruit and veggies are only between 4-6% and grains a mere 1%.
Fourth, take time to cook. It’s not as convenient or
fast as fast foods, but fresh foods aren’t as loaded with
According to the Sierra Club of Canada, if you are limiting
preservatives, additives and dyes that processed and
your purchases of organic produce because of cost, you
microwavable foods are. Also, microwaves deplete es-
should focus on key fruits and vegetables—particularly if
you’re serving food to children—as the items listed below
Finally, wash and prepare food carefully. Rinsing
are typically heavily sprayed with pesticides:
veggies and fruits in water with a teaspoon of vinegar is
Apricots; Bananas; Bell peppers; Cantaloupe; Cherries;
Cucumbers; Grapes; Green beans; Lettuce; Potatoes;
Some simple steps to ensure a healthy diet, limiting
chemicals and unnecessary food additives.
PHYSICIAN REFERRALS ✷ NATUROPATHIC MEDICAL INFORMATION ✷ STUDENT INFORMATION
Your Health is published quarterly by the British Columbia
to advance the scientific, educational and professional aspects
Naturopathic Association, the professional association for
naturopathic physicians in the province. It is compiled and edited
The public is welcome and encouraged to join the BCNA. An
by Glenn Cassie. The information provided herein is
annual membership fee of $25 assists the BCNA in
for educational and reference purposes only; it is
its efforts to increase government recognition and
not intended as a substitute for consultation and
heighten the profession’s profile. Membership
diagnosis nor treatment from a qualified doctor.
entitles you to a one-year subscription to Your
Your Health is provided free to BCNA members.
Health and other news and information bulletins.
The BCNA offers patients, across the province,
Contact us online at www.bcna.ca, e-mail us at
referrals to licenced naturopathic doctors (NDs) in
firstname.lastname@example.org, call us at 604/736-6646 or 1-800/
their area, as well as student information to persons
interested in the profession. It is the BCNA’s purpose
CATEDRA BIOCHIMIE I BIOCHIMIE CLINIC INDICA II METODICE FACULTATEA MEDICIN II, ANUL II Analizat i aprobat la edin a catedrei din 17.01.2014, proces verbal nr. 11 eful Catedrei Biochimie i Biochimie Clinic , conf. universitar, dr. hab. în medicin Olga Tagadiuc ____________________ Methodical indication 17. Lipids - classification, structur
Im Geschäftsjahr 2006 erreichte der Umsatz derSCHWARZ PHARMA Gruppe 1.000,4 Mio. € undDer US-Umsatz stieg um 3,9 % auf 450,3 Mio. €, aufübertraf das Vorjahresniveau (+1,0 %). Die Abschlags-US-Dollar-Basis erhöhte er sich um 5,1 % auf 565,4zahlungen von Pfizer für die Fesoterodin-Lizenz-rechte führten zu einem Anstieg des Betriebsergeb-nisses auf 49,5 Mio. € (Vorjahr: –17