body talk 10 reasons you might not know about why you should quit: 1It takes longer to recover from an illness and from surgery if you’re a smoker. Non-smokers are at an advantage when it comes to surviving life-threatening illnesses, and often survive in cases where smokers do not. Dr Mukansi says, ‘Smokers have increased post-operative wound complications, especially those who smoke one or more packs a day.’ 2Everyday air pollution from car exhausts, industry wastes, etc, increases the risk of lung cancer for smokers, but not for non-smokers, whose lung-cleaning system effectively clears out
much so that it’s tempting to block some
of it out. But there are a number of hard
3Smoking is recognised as the single most significant cause of early mortality and preventable morbidity.
not ignore, warns Candice Verwey 4Smoking reduces the effectiveness of certain vitamins in the body, particularly vitamin A, which supports respiratory health, and vitamin C, Inside rot which supports immune function and prevents the formation of certain cancer-forming substances in the body. 5People who smoke a pack a day lose, on average, two teeth every 10 years of their lives. Dr Naidu says that smoking increases your risk of periodontal disease, causing swollen gums, bad breath, and ultimately tooth decay. 6Cigarette smoke is loaded with benzene, Fatal addiction carbon monoxide, arsenic, hydrogen cyanide and polonium 210 – all toxins that destroy life. 7The blood vessels in the eye are sensitive and are easily damaged by cigarette smoke, causing a bloodshot appearance and itchiness. Heavy smokers are twice as likely to get macular degeneration, resulting in a gradual loss of eyesight. Smokers also have an increased risk of developing cataracts. 8In cases where both parents smoke, a teenager is more than twice as likely to start smoking as teenagers whose parents don’t smoke. 9Smoking affects sexual performance. Says Dr Naidu, ‘For men in their 30s and 40s, smoking increases the risk of erectile dysfunction by about 50 percent. Smoking can damage the blood vessels and nicotine narrows the arteries, reducing blood flow and the pressure of blood in the penis.’ 10The first two actors who played the legen- dary Marlboro Man both smoked copious cigarettes for commercial filming – and they both
that’s inhaled. It contains five times
died of lung cancer. Their legacy is a warning to us. 30 spring 2008 life body talk Nicotine and depression According to Dr Mukansi, a link an increased level of these feel- has been identified between nico- good neurotransmitters. Nicotine tine withdrawal and depression, withdrawal, on the other hand, anxiety and other neuropsychiatric causes reduced levels of these conditions, which may explain why hormones, which can exacerbate smokers battle to stop smoking, the symptoms of depression. especially if they are depressed. ‘Substances that elevate the level Recent theories suggest that of these neurotransmitters, such as nicotine has an effect on several the antidepressant Zyban, may neurotransmitters in the brain that be the answer to relieving the are related to the brain’s excita- depression associated with nico- tory systems, including dopamine, tine withdrawal,’ says Dr Mukansi, serotonin and norepinephrine. ‘thereby preventing the relapse Patients addicted to nicotine show to smoking.’ Stopping smoking is the single biggest thing you can do to improve your Now’s the time to quit For more information on how to quit smoking, visit Smokenders at www.smokenders.co.za, the Allan Carr method at www.allencarr.co.za, or call Quitline on 011-720-3145 (open weekdays 8am – 5pm).
your doctor. The Cancer Association perhaps a weekend away.
For clinical psychologists at Life Healthcare hospitals countrywide, contact Janet Young at fax 086-500-7535 The Allan Carr method or email firstname.lastname@example.org. For specialists such as physicians, cardiologists, pulmonologists at Life Healthcare hospitals, contact The big withdrawal Janet Young at fax 086-500-7535 or email email@example.com. 34 summer 2008 life life spring 2008 00
One Technology Drive, Tolland, CT 06084-3900 USA | +1.860.872.7000 | firstname.lastname@example.org | www.nerac.com Eisai v. Dr. Reddy The first application of the new KSR obviousness standard in a pharmaceutical context By Michael Fuller, J.D., Reg. Patent Atty. Nerac Analyst Patent practitioners anxiously awaited the Supreme Court’s ruling in KSR International Co . v . Teleflex Inc
MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO FEDERAL PROCURADORIA DA REPÚBLICA EM PERNAMBUCO Ref. Procedimento Administrativo nº 1.26.000.000214/2013-47 eclinação de Atribuição nº 134/ Trata-se de procedimento administrativo instaurado a partir de representação formulada pela Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil - Seccional de Pernambuco, que relata possíveis (e graves) irregularidades no âmbito do HEM