H1n1 general backgrounder 2

H1N1 General Backgrounder 2
(Adapted from the Public Health Agency of Canada
Key Facts on the H1N1 Virus
The H1N1 flu virus is a new strain of pandemic influenza which is different than the
seasonal flu. People have no natural immunity to protect against this virus. The H1N1 flu
virus emerged in April 2009 and surveillance of its spread shows that it is affecting more
young and healthy people than the regular seasonal flu, which normally affects seniors and
young children. People with underlying medical conditions and pregnant women may be at
a greater risk for severe illness.
What is it?
The H1N1 flu virus – also known as human swine influenza – is a respiratory illness that affects the nose, throat and lungs. This virus usually affects pigs, but has been transferred to humans.
The H1N1 flu virus has caused primarily mild illness in Canada, but Canadians need to be prepared to respond to a potentially more severe form of the virus that may emerge this fall.
How is it spread?
The H1N1 flu virus is contagious and is spread the same way as regular seasonal
influenza. This happens when an infected person coughs or sneezes and their germs enter
the nose, eyes, or throat of another person. The germs can also rest on hard surfaces like
counters and doorknobs, and can be picked up on hands and transmitted to the respiratory
system when someone touches their mouth and/or nose. It is not possible to catch it by
eating pork or pork products or through blood transfusions.
How contagious is it?
More research is being done on how long a person can be infectious (be able to spread the
virus to others), but it is believed that this period is for one day before the onset of
symptoms and continues for approximately seven days after symptoms have started. The
time it takes between being infected and experiencing symptoms is between two and seven
Almost always:
C - H1N1 Backgrounder Information – General 2 Prevention
• Wash hands often • Keep common surfaces disinfected • Cough and sneeze into your arm, instead of your hand • If you are sick, stay home until your symptoms are gone and you feel well enough to • If you get flu-like symptoms and are pregnant, have underlying health problems or if your symptoms get worse, contact your health care provider. Be Prepared
Make preparations to care for yourself and your loved ones. Make sure you have the
following items on hand:
• Pain and fever medication, like Tylenol or Advil, to treat fever and headaches • A thermometer • Extra supplies of any essential medication, like insulin for diabetics • Cleaning supplies, like household disinfectant, • Soap and alcohol-based hand sanitizer to keep hands clean • Non perishable food, like canned soup and fruits and vegetables and liquids, like water and juice, in case you can’t get to the grocery store, Treatment
• If you get flu-like symptoms and are pregnant or have underlying health problems • If you get flu-like symptoms and are otherwise healthy, you should stay home to recover. If your symptoms worsen or you experience difficulty breathing or serious shortness of breath, it is important to seek medical attention.
• Antivirals are drugs used for the early treatment of influenza. If taken shortly after getting sick (within 48 hours), they can reduce influenza symptoms, shorten the length of illness and potentially reduce the serious complications of influenza. Antivirals do not prevent you from getting sick.
C - H1N1 Backgrounder Information – General 2 • Canada has a National Antiviral Stockpile of 55 million doses of two antiviral drugs – Tamiflu and Relenza. Both are effective in treating H1N1 flu virus. This stockpile is enough for all Canadians who will need and want treatment.
• Antivirals are recommended for the treatment of moderate to severe illness, and for people at risk of severe disease. Your doctor will decide if treatment is right for you.
• Influenza vaccines (also called flu shots) help you to prevent getting sick by introducing your body to a weakened or dead version of the virus to teach your body to build immunity to it.
• This year, there will be vaccines for both types of flu – one for the regular seasonal influenza, and one for the H1N1 flu virus.
• Canada has a contract in place with GlaxoSmithKline to produce 50.4 million doses of H1N1 flu virus vaccine. This is enough vaccine for all Canadians who need and want protection. • The vaccine is expected to be available in November 2009. Once the vaccine is approved for use, the Government of Canada will make recommendations on how many doses will be required.
For more information call the H1N1 Flu hotline at 1-800-454-8302
C - H1N1 Backgrounder Information – General 2

Source: http://squamishscouts.ca/media/Announcements/H1N1%20General%20Backgrounder%202.pdf


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Microsoft word - dess ethiopia- customs and pastoral land issues

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