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Microsoft word - from ucfa health care task force report.doc
From UCFA Health Care Task Force Report (2008)
Executive Summary and Recommendations
o Continuing ongoing efforts that encourage the use of generic drugs, when available.
Consideration should be given to a policy that requires employees to pay the full marginal cost of brand name prescriptions when medically equivalent generics exist. Further, policies should also be explored that further discourage the use of high priced drugs in instances where there is no scientifically credible evidence of significant benefit compared to the generic equivalent (e.g. Nexium
OTC). Re-evaluating coverage for lifestyle drugs should also be considered.
Variable cost sharing – pharmacy.
The use of variable cost sharing is currently
most advanced for the prescription drug benefit. The current drug benefit is four-tiered.
The first tier, lowest co-payment, is $10.00 for generics based on a 30-day supply. Co-
payments are generally more favorable for 90-day supplies through the Caremark Mail
Service. For brand name drugs, the pharmaceutical benefit manager, Caremark,
maintains a list (or “formulary”) of preferred drugs. Preferred brand name drugs have a
$20.00 co-pay and nonpreferred a $40.00 co-pay. Bio-tech drugs are the fourth tier, with
a $50.00 co-pay. Consultant Roger Feldman recommended taking this approach and
going a step further. In cases where a generic equivalent is available, enrollees could
be asked to pay the full difference in cost if they select a brand name drug. Such a
policy would strengthen the incentive to adopt generics when they are available. It
would preserve some coverage for brand name drugs when generics are an option but
would place the full extra cost on an enrollee making this choice. The Task force
believes that this recommendation is appropriate and fair.
In some areas of treatment, generics may exist along with brand name drugs that have
no exact generic equivalent. For example, Nexium
– prescribed for treatment of acid
reflux and for preventing ulcers is a drug still under patent protection with close generic
or over-the-counter substitutes. A generic may work well for some enrollees, while
others respond much better to the brand name drug. A possible response is to create a
protocol under which a generic (or lower costing brand name drug) is tried first, but if it
proves ineffective, the patient is moved to the more expensive drug. Cost sharing might
be set quite high (i.e., the full difference in cost between the high- and low-cost
treatment) for those who do not follow the protocol and set lower for those who do. This
is an idea well worth exploring, but it should be done in a way that maintains or
improves quality, and the benefits in lower treatment costs need to be compared with
the extra administrative costs required.
Estándares Mínimos de Cuidado en la Comunidad Las normas mínimos de cuidado han sido, desarrollados como una guía general para asistir en evaluaciones de seguridad y protección a los niños. Si un niño no recibe cuidado suficiente para mantener su salud física, desarrollarse mental o emocionalmente a este nivel mínimo, abuso o negligencia pueden estar presentes. Problemas de abuso
27 aprile 2005 KEY FINDINGS• La comunicazione diretta al Informazione diretta al consumatore comporta no-tevoli beneﬁ ci, ma al tempo stesso è motivo di inquietudi- paziente ne e di timore per i consuma-tori, specialmente per i più Il caso americano, il dibattito in Europa Se confrontata alla lunga storia della Food and Drugs Administration (FDA), la mia permanenza nei ranghi