Para compra cialis puede ser visto como un desafío. Aumenta Smomenta, y todos los que se poco a poco abrumado, como es lógico, cada vez más hombres están diagnosticados con disfunción eréctil.

Dialog_klima_und_klimawandel_teil4

– Development of ISO 14067 Ͳ milestones– ISO TC207/SC7/WG2– ISO 14067Ͳ1, contents– ISO 14067Ͳ2, contents– Comparison of objectives– Harmonization– Challenges– Next steps • The Carbon Disclosure Project
“ CDP’s mission is to facilitate a dialogue between investors and corporations, from which a rationalresponse to climate change will emerge.”Latest report related to supplyͲchain: https://www.cdproject.net/CDPResults/65_329_201_CDPͲSupplyͲChainReport_2009.pdf Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF), L’Aquila,
Italy, July 2009
Reach agreement in CopenhagenPrepare low-carbon growth plansTake the lead by promptly undertaking robust aggregate and individual reductions in the midterm Recognize 2 degrees C goal.
Immediate need to assist the poorest and most vulnerable to adapt; further support need to be mobilized;Increase public sector investments in research, development, and demonstration, with a view to doubling such investments by 2015.Lead countries will report by November 15, 2009, on action plans and roadmaps and make recommendations for further progress. • Climate Change continues to be very high on • Ongoing efforts to bridge the gap between • Most effort in negotiations needed with – Need for a political agreement within the UNFCCC– Build on the BAP and the CA • Since 2005, cleanͲenergy investments have increased by • China, now the world leader in clean energy, increased such investments by 50 per cent in 2009 alone.
• Britain, Spain and Brazil are other standout performers, investing heavily in wind and solar. In quiet ways, even the US has made strides with bigͲticket renewable energy and • corporate world is acting swiftly on sustainability, – Over the past two years most top companies have moved the green agenda from the corporate brochure to the corporate – ''The Race for Green'' is under way (WBCSD) Risks:Ͳ Loss of summer sea ice in the Arctic (1.0 – 2.5°C)Ͳ Melt of Greenland ice sheet (2.5 – 4.5°C)Ͳ WAIS contribution (3,5Ͳ5,5°C)Ͳ AMOC (Atlantic Meridional Overturning Ͳ ENSO shift (3,5Ͳ6,5°C)Ͳ Amazon dieback (3 Ͳ 4,6°C)Ͳ Permafrost melting (???) • Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act unveiled • Act addresses four national priorities: control energy future; reassert economic leadership &competitiveness; protect from pollution; ensurenational security; • Act does not raise the federal deficit;• Key principles: reduce carbon pollution; ensure that reductions target the fewest businesses at the lowestcost possible; reward those that reduce carbon;protect consumers and vulnerable industries; – Voluntary program for labeling waterͲefficient highͲ – Voluntary product carbon disclosure and labeling – Establish a state recycling program to optimize reductions of GHG emissions through recycling – Establish a program for projects that reduce GHG or sequester carbon in agriculture and forestry – Establish a program for R&D into advanced biofuels information: http://kerry.senate.gov/cleanenergyjobsandamericanpower/intro.cfm
• Vested interests of private sector have a significant impact (undermining of the credibility of science) • Buch “Climate CoverͲUp” (coverͲup is an attempt to conceal evidence of wrongͲdoing, error, incompetence or http://www.desmogblog.com/climateͲcoverͲup (This book explains how the propaganda generated by selfͲinterest groups has purposely created confusion about climate • Film The Age of Stupid – warum tun wir nichts? (dt. Titel: Das Zeitalter der Dummheit) ist ein britisches DokuͲDrama von der Regisseurin Franny ArmstrongͲ see Learning, Coping and Climate Change Adaptation:• SingleͲloop learning: data is integrated and acted on but the underlying mental model used to process data is not changed • DoubleͲloop learning: rules are changed, i.e. data are both acted on and used to change underlying mental models • TripleͲloop learning: learning about learning, i.e. reflection on how we think about rules rather than on how to follow them or better change them to better suit the circumstances (in tll about climate change risks, the social structures, cultural mores, and other structures that mediate constructions of risks may be changed in response to evidence that those are • Refers to the calculation of the amount of GHG emissions associated with a company, event, activity, or the lifecycle of a good/service, • Enables to ascertain and manage GHG emissions
along the supply chain
• Safeguards the survival of companies in the changing regulatory and economic business • Furthers the understanding of the risks and • Allows to focus effort in response to new regulatory, shareholder and consumer pressures Strategic business responses:
existing practices, with retrofitting andreplacement, assuming tCO shadow price • novel lowͲcarbon solutions for technologies, • lobby for global standards, good regulation, incentives for innovation and to reducemarket barriers – Minimize impact of IBM‘s own action– Bring innovative ideas to markets, partners– Low imbedded carbon in IBM‘s products – 4.6 bio KWh saved from 1990 to 2007– 12% reduction target for CO from 2005 to 2012 ¾ Benefits organizations, governments, project proponents and stakeholders by providing clarity and consistency for quantifying, monitoring, reporting and
verifying the carbon footprint of products;
¾ Part 1 specifies principles and requirements for studies to quantify Carbon
Footprint of Products (CFP), based on the method of life cycle assessment (LCA);
¾ requirements for the development of information to communicate the
carbon footprint of products, calculated according to Part 1 of ISO 14067; ¾ Guidelines how to use such information on the CFP;
Apr 2008: 1st meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Vienna) Jun 2008: 2nd meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Bogota) Jan 2009: 3rd meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Kota Kinabalu) Jun 2009: 4th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Cairo) Oct 2009: 5th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Vienna) Feb 2010: 6th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Tokyo) July 2010: 7th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (León, Mexico) September 2010: CD of ISO 14067 for voting • Convenors: Klaus Radunsky (Austria); Daegun Oh (Korea)• Secretary: Katherina Wührl (DIN, DE)• 107 Experts from ~ 30 countries (including DC such as China, Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Brazil) • Capacity building program by Sweden (SISͲSida project): MENA region (Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan) – Within TC207, with other TCs– With other organisations (ANEC, IAI, EC, IEC, GEN, ISO 14067 Carbon footprint of products Ͳ Part 1: Quantification
Contents
INTRODUCTION
NORMATIVE REFERENCES
TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
PRINCIPLES
METHODOLOGY FOR CF QUANTIFICATION
GENERAL
GOAL AND SCOPE DEFINITION OF THE QUANTIFICATION OF CFP
GOAL OF CFP STUDY
SCOPE OF CFP STUDY (FUNCTIONAL UNIT, SYSTEM BOUNDARY, OFFSETTING,
DATA & DATA QUALITY, TIME BOUNDARY FOR DATA, USE STAGE & SCENARIO,
END OF LIFE STAGE)
INVENTORY ANALYSIS OF CFP
GENERAL
PERFORMANCE TRACKING
TIME PERIOD FOR ASSESSMENT OF GHG EMISSIONS
TREATMENT OF SPECIFIC GHG EMISSION SOURCES AND SINKS (ELECTRICITY
SUPPLY, LAND USE CHANGE)
ALLOCATION
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF GHG EMISSIONS, REMOVALS
INTERPRETATION OF CFP
REPORTING
ANNEXES (informative): A (GWP), B (Limitations), C (LUC)
ISO 14067 Carbon footprint of products - Part 2: Communication
Contents

INTRODUCTION
NORMATIVE REFERENCES
TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
PRINCIPLES
Use of “specifications for CFP communication”
CFP Communication Programmes
General
CFP communication programme
CFP communication programme operator
Communication requirements
General (Communication, Comparability, Performance Tracking)
Requirements and guidance for CFP communication directed to consumers
Confidentiality
Units of quantification (standard unit; functional unit, product unit)
Communication of partial CF
VERIFICATION of CFP communication
Comparison of objectives/expectations (1) ¾ internal assessment of life cycle GHG emissions of products;
¾ Facilitates evaluation of alternative product configurations;
¾ Benchmark for programmes aimed at reducing GHG emissions;
¾ Allows for comparison of goods and services;
¾ Supports reporting on corporate responsibility;
¾ Provides a common basis for reporting and communicating life cycle GHG emissions;
¾ Provides an opportunity for greater consumer understanding of life cycle GHG
WRI/WBCSD
¾ Guidance for companies and other organizations to prepare an inventory of
¾ Primary purpose to support public reporting of product life cycle GHG emissions to
¾ Public reporting refers to providing emissionsͲrelated information for a product, in accordance with the reporting requirements specified under the standard; ¾ does not directly enable comparative assertions or product labeling;
¾ Is not intended to support the accounting of GHG emission offsets or claims of
carbon neutrality;
Comparison of objectives/expectations (2) ¾ Benefits organizations, governments, project proponents and stakeholders by providing clarity and consistency for quantifying, monitoring, reporting and
verifying the carbon footprint of products;
¾ Part 1 specifies principles and requirements for studies to quantify Carbon
Footprint of Products (CFP), based on the method of life cycle assessment (LCA);
¾ requirements for the development of information to communicate the carbon
footprint of products, calculated according to Part 1 of ISO 14067; ¾ Guidelines how to use such information on the CFP;
• Harmonization: common goal for PAS2050, WRI/WBCSD • Also relevant: principles; terms & definitions; verification • Added value of more than one approach – right balance between practicality – environmental • Harmonization WRI/WBCSD – PAS2050 – ISO 14067 – Common basis: Life Cycle Assessment (ISO 14040) Next meeting: 7th meeting WG 2: Trieste (Italy) Jan 2011
Current planning:
• ISO 21930, Sustainability in building construction (ISO standard on EPD of building products Ͳ • prEN 15804, Sustainability of construction works (PCR (EPD) standard for construction products Ͳ Objectives:

Identify cost efficient reductions of GHG emissions along the supply chain in the Achieve even negative GHG emissions in the 2nd half of the century Possible questions:

Which processes contribute most to the CFP? What are alternative processes with less GHG emissions? What might be alternative products with a smaller CFP? What are the key technologies to drive decarbonization?(Basis: LCA) Criteria:
Sustainable development (3 dimensions: economic, social, environmental)
• Transition to a zero/lowͲcarbon society implies that the CFP of all products and services have to bemanaged • Economic crises offers a unique opportunity to restructure the supply chains of products • BottomͲup efforts along supply chains complement topͲdown efforts at national and international level • Reducing the risks of climate change may require • On February 25th 2010 Walmart announced new goal (eliminate 20 mio t CO e by 2015 compared • How? Find, achieve, and account for reductions by working with suppliers throughout Walmart’s • Guidance Document developed that describes the GHG Supplier Innovation Program, the GHG reduction goal, the accounting guidance for projects as well as the due diligence process for • W‘s largest potential impact on GHG emissions is product and supply chain GHG impacts.
• Focus on top 20 most impactful categories and consideration of three phases of the life cycle – Raw Materials– Materials Manufacturing & Transportation– Product Manufacturing & Transportation • Builds on standards, including ISO 14064, ISO • Includes 3rd Party independent verification • International Green Technology & Purchasing Exhibition 2010 – A Green New Deal; KL Convention Center 14 – 17 • As the world’s largest manufacturing hub, – Asia is quickly becoming the nexus of green technologies and – Global Green Technology initiatives are being launched across – public and private sectors are being restructured and reallocated towards the reconfiguration of businesses and infrastructures to deliver incremental returns on capital investments, while simultaneously reducing GHG emission, waste pollution, natural resource consumption, and social Key themes:
Ͳ
Opportunities and Green Technology Solutions Factor Five Resource and Energy Productivity Was ist/sollte die Reaktion von Europa/Österreich auf diese
Herausforderung sein?
• Klaus Radunsky• Telephone: +43/1/31 304Ͳ5534• Mobile: +43/664/80013Ͳ5534• EͲMail: klaus.radunsky@umweltbundesamt.at

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Detailbeschreibung zum Projekt SOZIALMOSAIK des SCHWARZATALER SOCIAL CLUBS (SSC) ¾ Der überparteiliche, gemeinnützige Verein SCHWARZATALER SOCIAL CLUB (SSC) hilft mit dem Projekt SOZIALMOSAIK in allen sozialen Härtefällen, wo Menschen selbst daran interessiert sind, ihre Lage zu verbessern und – wenn sie physisch und psychisch dazu in der Lage sind – auch im Rahmen ihrer

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