Microsoft word - comesafety_del_d11_standardisationactivities_1.0.doc

COMeSafety_DEL_D11_StandardisationActivities_v1.0doc Timo Kosch, BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH Abdel Kader Mokkadem, RENAULT Recherche Innovation General Secretary
Project Coordinator
Dr. Timo Kosch, BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH Revision chart and history log
20.12.2006 Updated version with partners Table of contents
Introduction 1
List of actions and outcomes related to standardisation
activities [year 2006]

Executive Summary
The COMeSafety Specific Support Action has in its key objectives the creation of direct communication channels between the results produced by the European projects that are working on the design and development of cooperative systems for road safety and traffic efficiency based on vehicle to vehicle and on vehicle to infrastructure communication and the related standardisation bodies. This crucial role is conceived to enable win-to-win solutions where from one side the standardisation bodies will benefit from the availability of relevant project activities and outcomes, from the other side running projects will benefit from the possibility to directly communicate to the standardisation bodies the information related to the core technologies necessary for V2V and V2I communication, like the system architecture and security aspects, the communication protocols on all layers of the protocol stack, the radio technology in use. Standardisation bodies addressed by the COMeSafety Specific Support Action are: ISO, CEN, ETSI, IEEE. As a platform for collection of standardization requirements for V2V and V2I the European COMeSafety is also supporting the eSafety Forum WG Communication. Additionally, in light of understanding the extent to which a future harmonisation can be established at worldwide level, COMeSafety is also activating a number of links between relevant running European projects and related initiatives in Europe (e.g. the Car to Car Communication Consortium, C2C-CC) and in the USA (e.g. Vehicle Safety Communication, VSC) as well as in Japan (e.g. Advanced Safety Vehicle, ASV). 1 Introduction
The current developments of applications based on vehicle to vehicle and on vehicle to infrastructure communication require that all vehicles and local infrastructures have to be linked in a communication network using a common technology and protocol. For this reason running projects like SAFESPOT, CVIS and COOPERS are working towards a common architecture for cooperative systems. The SAFESPOT project is committed to implement a local high speed and ad hoc network as defined by the C2C-C Consortium. This network, based on the IEEE.802.11p protocol, will be shared by safety and traffic efficiency applications and it is expected to be integrated with the CALM architecture whose cooperative applications are under development in the CVIS project. Future vehicles are expected to have on board a CALM-like interface together with a C2C-like dedicated communication channel. As all safety related information need high reliability and depending on the traffic situation low latency they will have the priority over all other applications via dedicated channels. If needed, then all safety information will be further propagated via the first available channel (e.g. towards a traffic control centre). A very crucial topic on which Europe should join its efforts is the availability of appropriate frequency spectrum with effective protection for safety related cooperative applications. In USA a specific frequency band has been allocated by the Federal Communications Commission for vehicle to vehicle and for vehicle to infrastructure, while in Europe the design and development of communication based system and applications have been started without the allocation of a frequency band. This fact makes frequency allocation an urgent matter of strategic relevance for Europe. It is for these motivations that the COMeSafety Specific Support Action has the task to establish the link between the OEMs (members of the C2C-C Consortium), the other stakeholders, the European Commission, the eSafety Forum Working Group on Communications and the Standardisation bodies to promote the allocation of an appropriate frequency band, to support the running projects in their design of a common communication architecture and to bring to the standardisation bodies all the inputs from the running projects related to the communication system parameters (e.g. data rate, communication range, transmission power), the distribution of data and priority management for messages for an efficient use of the radio resources (several applications will have to share the transmission capacity). The overall aim of the actions towards the appropriate standardisation bodies is therefore to facilitate and support the cooperation of the C2C-C consortium, the running European projects on cooperative systems for safety and mobility with the standardisation bodies. The work of relevant standardisation bodies is constantly monitored and is included to the COMeSafety newsletters that are distributed to the user forum every six months. Main actions from the COMeSafety Specific Support Action include: ‰ the cooperation in writing the ETSI standard documents related to the frequency assignment process and the communication system to fulfil formal and procedural requirements of the respective standardization bodies, ‰ feeding inputs to the ISO TC204 Transport Information and Control Systems in order to harmonize the European vehicle to vehicle and vehicle to infrastructure communication in generic communication architectures. 2 List of actions and outcomes related to
standardisation activities [year 2006]
Date Standardisation
/ Association
Joint meeting of ETSI TG37, ISO TC204 WG16 and the C2C-CC, with participation of representatives from C2C-CC and COMeSafety Exchange of information and discussion of the architectural views. Notes: Support to ETSI in the preparation of a System Reference Document, the
participation to ETSI ERM TG37 meetings allowed the Consortium to support ETSI in
preparing/revising part 2 and part 3 of the document on ITS at 5 GHz, in particular, by
defining the request of a European harmonized spectrum of 30 MHz above the 5 GHz ISM
band for road safety and traffic efficiency applications with the focus on
Vehicle-to-Roadside communications and of additional 20 MHz in the ISM band for
non-safety related Vehicle-to-Vehicle communications.
Approval of the System Reference Document TR 102 492 part 2 requesting spectrum for road safety and traffic efficiency as well as for non-safety applications in the 5 GHz band. This document has been drafted with contributions from COMeSafety. Notes: Support CEPT with a document on justification of the frequency requirements for
ITS services in the 5 GHz band. Participation of COMeSafety in the CEPT Frequency
Management working group. The document was presented to the ETSI ERM in a meeting
in June 2006 by TG37 and forwarded to the FM WG (Sept 2006) with a liaison statement.
ETSI will then present the document to the FM WG meeting in September for further
consideration in the frequency allocation process.
ACEA created a Task Force on Radio Regulations with the aim to monitor and promote the activities of standardisation for automotive applications. Members of the COMeSafety Specific Support Action joined the Task Force. Date Standardisation
/ Association
Consideration of the first draft for a harmonized standard on: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Radio communications equipment operating in the 5 GHz frequency range; Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive. References
• Chairman ISO TC204 Michael Noblett, • Chairman CEN TC278 Henk Stoelhorst, Annex 1 Acronyms
Continuous Air interface for Long and Medium range Conference of European Postal & Telecommunications European Committee for Electro-technical Standardization compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters European Telecommunications Standards Institute Fixed Satellite Service (Earth-to-Space) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


Microsoft word - document

Geneesmiddelen ivm cholinerge transmissie -Oftalmologie -Intoxicaties -Gastro-enterologie -Urologie -Neurologie Agonisten en antagonisten van ganglionaire nicotinereceptoren Neuromusculaire blokkers – spierspasmen, tegengewerkt door cholinesterase inhibn spierspasmen, cholinesterase inhibn geen effect • Neostigmine (kwaternair ammoniumderivaat) -Opheffing van neuromusculaire blokkade do

Forum flash- 18 march 201

Forum Flash – 23 October 2012 News from Western Sydney Community Forum ZEST Awards: Nominations Open Tomorrow - 24th October! Nominations open for the 2013 ZEST Awards tomorrow. Do you know someone who deserves a ZEST Award? Visit the new look ZEST Awards website for more details. Here is a sneak peek at some of the exciting new categories for this year's ZEST Awards. Exceptional Prin

© 2010-2018 PDF pharmacy articles